In the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan is a huge number of water bodies. Of them, at least 8 thousand natural waters. unfortunately, they are placed unevenly.the
currently rapidly building new housing estates, where infrastructure is not always fully corresponds to the needs of the residents. For example, on-site «Salavat kupere”, in addition to a lack of social facilities, almost no organized recreational areas. As you know, active in nature – healthy!the
In summer, many prefer to relax around ponds. This is a great opportunity to spend time with your family: go fishing, swim, picnic, explore the features of their home community. The only water object, within walking distance to a huge number of residents «Salavat kupere”, is the lake of osinovskiy.the
it is Located on the upper terrace of the river Volga, in the North-Western outskirts of the village of aspen Zelenodolsk region. The water surface area of 8.2 ha. the Amount of 720 thousand m3. Length of 600 m, a maximum width of 200 m, mean depth 9 m, maximum depth is 24 m.the
origin of the lakes of karst-suffusion. Form elongated. The shores of the sublime, is relatively steep. Meals at the expense of atmospheric precipitation and groundwater.the
the Water is brackish, very soft, hydrocarbonate-chloride-calcium type. Transparency of 60 cm Is — the natural reservoir of a large supply of drinking water.
From the book by Valery Arkhipov, "Osinovskaya pages”, as well as stories of local guarding, we know that the lake is clean. There can be found a variety of fish, water is used in agriculture, and in the summer all actively swimming in the pond.
But is it really? The lake is located in the Northern part of the village of aspen, between lake and Cooperative. It is a densely populated village. Within walking distance are two large LCD “rainbow” and «Salavat kupere”. In addition, there is hothouse "may" poultry "Pestrechinka", JSC «Russia». From Kazan to the lake the distance is about 15 km away.
This arrangement causes us to doubt the water quality of this lake. Is it safe to swim in this pond and use untreated water for domestic purposes? Is it possible to consume the fish caught here?
We decided to test our hypothesis: lake Osinovskaya, located in a densely populated area near major businesses, is not sufficiently pure and could be dangerous for recreational use.
Involving children in practical activities to introduce environmental issues. The formation of careful attitude to the surrounding world.In addition, it is intended to produce antibacterial, channel, as well as antismoking and specialized medical establishments. All of these systems have virtually unlimited resources photocatalytic element, the ability to work in a wide range of temperatures, low power consumption, and competitive price.
the quality of the environment in the premises of educational institutions largely depends on mood, performance and health status of schoolchildren. In different classrooms the teacher and a group of students carried out for 5 – 6 hours a day.
the Goal of our project: to assess the air quality through the quantification of CO2 on the territory of MAOU “grammar School No. 77” of the city of Naberezhnye Chelny.
the Village Silabus is environmentally unsound area. Objects that are polluting the environment of the village: plants «KAMAZ», the landfill g. Nab. Chelny, OOO «Chelny - broiler», LTD “Kindness” (confectionary), Naberezhnye Chelny CHP PEO "Tatenergo". The total number of inhabitants of the village – 1311 people According GAUZ “Tukai Central district hospital», record 218 people, of which 169 persons adults children – 49 people have Common diseases: ulcer, bronchitis, diabetes, tuberculosis, anemia, liver disease and kidney cancer, gallstones and kidney stones, allergic diseases.
Aim this research is to study the ecological status of drinking water quality and its impact on the health of the inhabitants Silabas
Актуальность проекта. 1. Село Шильнебаш находится в экологически нездоровом районе. Объекты, загрязняющие экологию села: заводы КамАЗа, полигон ТБО г. Наб. Челны, ООО «Челны - бройлер», кондитерская фабрика «Ласка», совхоз «Весенний», Камский Бекон, инкубатор, ТЭЦ.
- По числу раковых больных село стоит на одном из первых мест в районе.
- 85 % хозяйств села имеют личный автотранспорт, что увеличивает содержание углекислого газа и других вредных веществ в воздухе.
Целью данной работы является проведение комплексного исследования экологического состояния с. Шильнебаш.
To date, the problem of extinction of bees grows in the global.The bees disappear — mankind will disappear: here's how you can briefly describe all the terrible consequences.
the Most common substance on our planet – is water.
Water the basis of life. it is in the water appeared the first living organisms. Life ends when water is becoming scarce in nature. Nature and man are interconnected.
Man cannot exist without water. Water for humans is a necessary and indispensable need for life. It facilitates the movement of blood through the vessels, enriches the body's cells with nutrients (vitamins, minerals) and outputs waste products. In addition, water is involved in thermoregulation.
There is a perception that spring water is absolutely pure and enriched with all the right person minerals. This attracts the inhabitants of the cities to use spring water for drinking. However, not all pay attention to water quality, in particular its sanitary condition. Due to the fact that water, unlike tap water, does not pass the pre-treatment, the content of microorganisms may exceed the maximum rate. as a result of microbiological contamination of water sources can sent to human diseases such as typhoid, dysentery, cholera, hookworm.
In Naberezhnye Chelny actively used spring «St. Paraskeva”. Despite the fact that the spring has long been known, information about its sanitary status in the public domain is missing.
Objective: to Investigate the sanitary condition of the water spring «St. Paraskeva” Park the Coastal city of Naberezhnye Chelny.
- to Pick up the methodology of the study of water on total microbial contamination and the number of sanitary-indicative microorganisms. the
- to Conduct a study of water quality according to the method. the
- to Process the obtained results and relate them to standards. the
- to Determine the suitability of water spring Coastal Park to eat.
Hypothesis: Water spring Coastal Park does not have major deviations from the norm and usable
research Object: spring water Park is a Coastal
Subject studies: total microflora of the water; the bacteria of Escherichia coli group Escherichia coli.
the Earth — a place of human habitation is its most valuable natural asset. Soil cover is the object of labor and means of production. Thus, soil is one of the most important resources available to mankind, as the soil provides the necessary food products. We all, ultimately, dependent on its fertility.
the Question of fertility and productivity of soil is especially acute at the present time. In connection with the weather conditions of this summer crop for the country as a whole received record. But despite this, the productivity of our school site was very low.Without maintaining soil cover is not possible and the preservation of historically established cycle of matter in nature. Therefore, each person is useful to have an idea about the status of the soil cover in the place where he lives. And for someone with his land, the problem of declining soil fertility is one of the most important.
Hypothesis: the soil on the school grounds and in the greenhouse over time are depleted, and this resulted in reducing the yield of cultivated plants.
to study the degree serrazanetti places of Zelenodolsk (water facilities visited for vacation.
the aim of the project: to develop a conditional model of pollution level of water objects on the territory of the city of Zelenodolsk.
the Republic of Tatarstan is one of the economically developed regions of the Russian Federation, resulting in the impact of various industries on the environment is detrimental and significant. Thus, the Republic is one of the ecologically troubled territories. Damaging impacts associated with pollution of the geographical environment - geographic envelopes. Ecological culture is formed not innate, it is acquired with Sunami.. currently recognised as an integral component of human culture is the ecological culture. Environmental education also encompasses cognitive and educational components, as the focus should be on the education of environmentally responsible and creative personality, her active citizenship. Why I chose to design a water habitat ? On our planet, living organisms have mastered the four basic habitat, have very different specific conditions. The water environment was the first in which has arisen and spread life. Water as a habitat has a number of specific properties, such as big density, strong pressure differences, a relatively small content of oxygen, strong absorption of solar radiation, etc. water bodies and their individual areas vary, in addition, salt regime, the velocity of horizontal displacements (movements), levels of airborne particles. Pollution of water bodies is invoked more than 400 components. In the surface of the water in the first place penetrate toxicants from the air and deposited fine dust, especially near businesses and cities. Volatile products of oil refining. Solvents, insoluble in water synthetic surface – active substances form on the surface of the water a thin film. In the interior of the reservoir main sources of pollution may be waste water enterprise, sewer, groundwater. The latter is in turn able to spread chemical contamination of very large areas.
the area of the water barrier in our area is no exception. Our district is rich in water resources. Each of the studied objects varies according to several parameters. To learn and explore the surface water in our area is helping me school of environmental monitoring, or environmental monitoring. This monitoring includes working environmental laboratory analytical methods and classical methods.
recently highly relevant is the observation of state changes of the environment due to anthropogenic causes, especially in atmospheric air. Atmospheric air is one of the vital elements of the environment, as pollution it directly affects the health of the population.
Though the city is a small town and the level of anthropogenic load is estimated as below average than RT , but according to estimates of the Ministry of health of RTV tetyushskiy reintalled one of the highest incidence of cancer and the highest sernosti from cancer among trudosposobnosti of the population.Therefore, we decided to conduct a monitoring study of air pollution.
Spring is necessary for the people of our city, they honor the history, cherish it and arrange well the territory. The majority believes that the spring water is pure and wholesome, it is not necessary to boil or use filters, it is much better and tastier than tap water.
Want to meet the most beautiful and the vocal Nightingale? This is a blue – a singing bird of passerine.Beautiful voice and bright appearance – a rare combination for a European songbird. Therefore, once seeing Bluethroat and hearing her amazing singing, to confuse the bird with other birds will not succeed.&We developed a route in places of nesting of this amazing bird along the banks of the Kazanka river in Novo-Savinovsky district of Kazan
this draft is to build an efficient system of interaction between students, local authorities, residents of the city of Naberezhnye Chelny in order to organize the cleaning of debris from the Embankment. This place is one of the most beautiful on the Kama river in Naberezhnye Chelny.
the length of the quay on the Kama river is about 2.5 km away and there is it in such a way that there is a place for lovers of Hiking and active sports. For pedestrians a neat paths, lined with tile and equipped with comfortable benches. With it, one of them turned towards the river Kama, and others in the nearby Park. The main route is designed for cyclists, skaters and skateboarders, that is, for all those who love speed and movement. Most interesting is that the designers of the “new” the embankment of the Kama river has thought of everything, including even two-way traffic on the bike path, and bright night lighting throughout the path, so that the life is in full swing here until late at night.
and, of course, it is impossible to imagine the waterfront without the beach. Here he has preserved and natural natural. However, it is not different with cleanliness and order, therefore there is a need to take effective measures to restore the purity of the shore Promenade.
- Development of ecological culture, ecological thinking of children. the
- the careful Formation of humanistic attitude to nature. the
- Enrichment of knowledge about the nature of his native land, measures for its protection. the
- Training methods and techniques in a practical environment, either alone or under the guidance of teachers research activities in nature.
the Organization of meaningful leisure and healthy recreation for children.
as a result of intensive use of water resources by mankind, both quantitatively and qualitative change of the hydrosphere. Changes the water balance, the regime of the rivers, the water that associated with pollution of natural waters by sewage, and introduction of contaminants from surface and subsurface runoff and directly from the air.
as a result of pollution there is a sharp deterioration in the quality of water in reservoirs and natural water bodies lose their ability of self-purification. Pollution of water poses a threat to life and health of the population and the existence of the biosphere as a whole. The many manifestations of negative impact of economic activities of mankind on water bodies led to the need to respect environmental priorities to balance requirements for the protection of aquatic ecosystems – on the one hand, and challenges the rational economic use of their water and biological resources – from the other side. Therefore, assessment of the status of aquatic ecosystems under the influence of anthropogenic factors is one of the most current tasks for the protection of surface water resources.
to carry out the study of snow water and determine its quality.
since 2014 Leshansky school of Arsky municipal district, with the support of the Northern territorial Department under the Ministry of ecology and natural resources conducts hydrochemical monitoring of water objects: rivers, streams, springs.Examines the water quality in a wide range of indicators of organic and mineral structures.
of Particular interest when discussing the results of the study cause the substances which are of natural origin and present in the composition of wastewater discharges or may enter water bodies in other ways, causing their contamination.
the number of such substances include iron, whose content in rocks and soils up to several percent, however, aquatic ecosystems and drinking water Fe is regarded as a dangerous chemical element for aquatic organisms and fish, on the one hand, and humans on the other. Developed the maximum allowable concentration of iron in water of fishery water bodies and sanitary standards for drinking water, which are usually oriented in order to assess the quality of water for different uses.
But it is not always clear what to do in case the natural contents of the element are above the approved maximum allowable value. On the basis of data for school monitoring, we obtained for the rivers of the basin of the river Kazanka in 2016-2018, we hypothesized that detectable concentrations of iron in the waters of the rivers and other water bodies in our region represent the background, i.e. natural concentrations. In this case, the environmental risk to aquatic ecosystems and human health in its calculations regarding the PDK will be much exaggerated.
Based on the foregoing, was the goal of the study was to evaluate the levels of iron in surface and underground drinking waters in North Predkamye of the Republic of Tatarstan according to the results of hydrochemical monitoring.
every year more and more growing number of cancer diseases in our Yutazinsky area of the Republic of Tatarstan. Our accoutred, has conducted monitoring studies of residential streets surrounding the chemical plant: Sirina, Chemists, Urussinskaya, Shamkina, near the plant Electromedical.
every year on the school grounds labor crew grows flower beds that decorate the school yard with beautiful flowering plants.
For several years there was a problem with growth and development of flowers. Soil school site is very poor in humus and rich in remains of different building materials and chemicals. After reviewing the literature on this issue, we suggested that the reasons for poor plant growth may be soil on the site. the plant Roots need lots of space, water and air. The soil should be such that it could hold the necessary amount of nutrients for good root growth.
Therefore it is necessary to consider that planting crops should be selected in accordance with the soil types and their chemical composition.
we were faced with a challenge: to explore the main components of the composition of soil and its physical properties.
What you need to know what kind of soil in your garden or garden?&Know the soil in your garden is necessary to determine the lack of any substance, as well as knowledge of the concentration of nitrogen, carbon, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium in the soil will allow wise to make the necessary fertilizer. The importance of the acidity of the soil . It is reasonable to know the potential of their soil – this will allow you to know which plants not to grow well. How to carry out monitoring of soil and how to take a sample for analysis, if you decide to test your soil in the laboratory. It is important that the location is near the site of an industrial or agricultural enterprises, auto or railway, fueling stations, which contribute to soil contamination by heavy metals and oil products.
every year we grow on a plot of berry and vegetable crops that are used for food in the school cafeteria. Soil analysis was not performed . Organic fertilizers is possible. Mineral fertilizers are used only in the form of feeding based on visual observations. Near the grounds is a highway and railway, located the machine-tractor Park and gas station, OOO «Sarsak-Omga”. We therefore decided to conduct a soil analysis school site and surrounding areas .
project Objective: to Study the composition and properties of the soil school site and surrounding areas.
to study the theoretical foundations of this topic;
to determine the mechanical composition of the soil;
to determine the acidity of the soil;
-to determine the presence of nutrients in the soil.
to determine the contamination of the soil;
based on the results of the study to plan for improving and preserving soil fertility.