problem Description: environmental Pollution is a global problem that is regularly discussed in the news and scientific circles. Scientists have been sounding the alarm about the inevitability of environmental disaster in the near future. Humanity is on the verge of a crisis: the amount of debris is growing, and space for landfills is becoming less. A large part of household waste does not decompose under natural conditions or has a very long period of decomposition. The proportion of such waste is increasing every year.
the idea of the project: study of the ecological status of the water body and the establishment of a programme of ecological rehabilitation of the shores and coastal waters of fish lake near the village of Oktyabrsky. To spend works on restoration of the recreation area of the reservoir with the participation of the social partners for the establishment of a zone of recreation for residents of the village of Oktyabrsky.
Issue: Most of the water on Earth is polluted. Even if our planet is covered with 70% water, not all of them suitable for human use. Rapid industrialization, misuse of the scarce water resources and many other factors play a role in the process of water pollution. Each year about 400 billion tons of waste is generated worldwide. Most of this waste is dumped into water bodies.
the Water resources of the Chelyabinsk region are exposed to significant anthropological influence, which is associated primarily with the main feature of the region, Chelyabinsk region, one of the most developed industrial regions of Russia. The industry is a major consumer of water, as well as its main pollutant.
Near the village is a lake fish, which was once famous for its purity and large fish stocks here, according to old residents of the village, even the competitions for fishermen. But now the ecological condition of lake has deteriorated so badly that no fish. In the coastal areas are enterprises: PJSC “Chelyabinsk Poultry plant” and fku IK-1, which presumably affected the pollution of the lake.
Background: On the territory adjacent to the village of October there are small bodies of water. Fish lake, located near the village of Oktyabrsky of the Kopeysk urban district in 1990-2000 was used for breeding commercial fish: Peled, gold and silver carp, carp and fishing by local residents, and also had favorable conditions for the growth and development of fish. With 90 years of irrigation water use Growers SNT «Birdman». Currently, the lake became shallow, almost no fish, so you need to study the hydrochemical composition of the lake for later use.
innovation: a Practical solution to specific ecological problems of lake fisheries importance within the village of Oktyabrsky city district of the Korean forces high school students using the devices for environmental water monitoring.
Practical relevance: Conduct monitoring of water quality and hydrological regime of the lake fish will allow an environmental assessment to address the issue of its restoration.
Hypothesis the study of the hydrochemical composition of the lake water the fish will allow an environmental assessment to address the issue of its restoration.
project Idea: the creation of social mobile group "eco-patrol" to conduct in the village of Oktyabrsky environmental air monitoring using devices and transfer data about air pollution to the Department of the regional state ecological supervision of Ministry of ecology of the Chelyabinsk region.
Issue: According to estimates of ecologists in Russia, the level of air pollution currently has universally high rates. In the black list of the 10 maximum polluted cities, the most adverse from the point of view of atmospheric air entered the Chelyabinsk and Magnitogorsk. The level of air pollution in Chelyabinsk at the present time is high and is influenced by emissions of the enterprises black and nonferrous metallurgy, energy, engineering, construction and transport, which are exacerbated by adverse weather conditions.
Given the importance and urgency of issues of environmental safety of the Chelyabinsk region, this topic is for the authorities and civil society of the region of enormous importance. State supervision in the sphere of atmospheric air protection is carried out by the Ministry of ecology of the Chelyabinsk region in accordance with article 24 of the Federal law of 04.05.1999 No. 96-FZ “On protection of ambient air». But also essential social activity, and high civic responsibility of the population for the ecological condition of the environment. For the period 2018 to the Department of the regional state ecological supervision of Ministry of ecology of the Chelyabinsk region received 393 complaints from citizens on bad air quality. In 2019 in the atmosphere of Chelyabinsk was recorded exceedances of Mac for nitrogen dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, formaldehyde, dust and fine particulate matter.
living Conditions in the village of Oktyabrsky of the Kopeysk urban district in which we live, even 8 years ago was considered an environmentally-friendly, here 20 km from Chelyabinsk built luxury housing-neighborhood “Premiere”. The students of our school in 2011 in conjunction with the environmental faculty of the CSU conducted in the vicinity of the village of the snow survey, the results of chemical analysis of which showed good quality. There was a slight excess of nitrogen (NO2 - and NH4+), probably due to atmospheric transport of combustion of organic matter from the poultry farm “Chelyabinsk”, located near the village of Oktyabrsky. But when near the settlement of the company «Carboceramics (Eurasia)” for the production of proppants for the oil and gas industry and the destruction of nearly 10 hectares of forest during its construction, the environmental situation gradually began to deteriorate, showed also the results of the snow survey conducted by the students of MOU “school No. 2” in 2017.
Background: recently in the Chelyabinsk region, in the vicinity of Chelyabinsk, also the village of Oktyabrsky, there is a sharp deterioration of the environment due to emissions of harmful gases production, frequent fires on Korkinsky coal mine. Residents of the village of Oktyabrsky microdistrict “Premiere” in 2016, has repeatedly addressed this issue to the Department of environmental supervision under the Ministry of ecology, inshore survey of atmospheric air in the period NMU held at the request of residents, t mobile laboratories ecological surveillance is heavily loaded.
for Example, on 5 January 2020, after the treatment of the citizens of the village of Oktyabrsky, neighborhood “Premiere” on the issue of the burning smell, were exceeded for hydrogen sulfide 1.5 Mac, air pollution from Korkinsky coal mine. 6 January 2020 mobile laboratory revealed the excess of hydrogen sulfide concentration of 2.1 MPC in the neighborhood of “Premiere”, which was attended by a strong burning smell and greatly reduced visibility. The district was directed operational group of the regional environmental supervision, which established the potential sources of pollution – a fire at the dump PJSC “Chelyabinsk Poultry plant”, as well as emissions of enterprises engaged in oil refining.
Emissions of harmful gases production, fires on Korkinsky coal mine began to occur in recent time very often, this negatively affects the state of the environment and the health of the residents of the village of Oktyabrsky, so it is necessary to interest and educate high school students in a timely manner identify harmful and hazardous substances in the air with the help of environmental monitoring instrumentation for air data on air pollution to the Department of environmental supervision under the Ministry of ecology of the Chelyabinsk region.
Object: the composition of atmospheric air
Subject: harmful substances in the atmospheric air.
Hypothesis: collection of information on air pollution public mobile group “eco-patrol” with the help of environmental monitoring instrumentation will help to carry out public control on the content of emissions of harmful substances into the atmospheric air.
Place and date: Feb 2020 – December 2020, the territory of the Oktyabrsky village of the Kopeysk urban district.
- project team: Alexander Lazarev, Jan Maslov, Dmitry Shakurov the
- students and teachers of MOU “school No. 2”
project author: Vinokurov Alevtina the
the population of the village of Oktyabrsky.
innovation: the Practical solution of specific environmental problems of hazardous and harmful substances in the air of significance within the village of Oktyabrsky of the Kopeysk urban district with the help of environmental monitoring instrumentation air forces high school students.
Practical relevance: the Creation of social mobile group “eco-patrol” to air monitoring in the village of October will be of great benefit to improve the environmental situation of the settlement by timely information on air pollution regulatory organizations.
People for thousands of years living on the planet Earth to consume its natural resources, often without compensation, without returning anything in return, pollute the environment. Currently, mankind is facing many huge problems and issues "How to save the planet?”. Such problems are called global and one of them is environmental. It is relevant for the entire planet for Russia, the southern Urals, for our village, which has mining and processing plant. Air pollutants are many, but the company is a major polluter.
the Problem of protection and rational use of water resources has become particularly relevant in modern conditions. It covers literally all Nations and regions of the world. Currently, the lack of fresh water have not only territory, which nature has deprived of water resources, but many regions that until recently were considered safe in this respect. Currently, the need for fresh water is not satisfied in 20% of urban and 75% rural population. In our village this issue is no exception. To solve this problem, you must solve first the problem of protecting fresh water, which in most part is subterranean and interstratal waters. The first step in protecting should be to protect the springs, especially since it is one of the wonders of nature! A special place in the history of our region is the springs, they have a known attractive force from the earth's depths they bring to the surface the life-giving water. No one can pass up, not to stop, not to fall and do not drink water from a spring, especially in the heat and fatigue. It is necessary not only people but also animals, birds and doesn't go unnoticed, it always has a forestry track.
the Story of our spring associated with the Soviet time. Unfortunately, it took a long time, the spring was abandoned. We decided to find this spring, brush and landscaping, to ensure that water is suitable for drinking as well as in those early 70-ies. Laboratory studies to determine the water quality, landscaping the spring, will provide another source of drinking water. The more springs we clean and will also improve, the greater will be the sources of clean water.
the Problem of drinking water quality is one of the acute problems of modern society and can be solved at different levels of government. The only source of drinking water for the city of Kopeysk, as well as for several such cities, as Chelyabinsk, Korkino, yemanzhelinsk, part of Sosnovsky area is surface water Shershenevsky water storage experiencing every year the increase of technogenic load. The reservoir is transferred to the category B (very polluted water). On the quality of drinking water is also affected by the state of vodorazvodyaschih networks of centralized water supply, most of which is in poor condition. Based on the above we decided to study the security of the city of Kopeysk, school No. 7, located on the territory of the city, potable water meeting the quality standards.
Recovery of trees in Kyshtym – an acute problem. Greening the city - necessary for comfortable living of the population and the growth of a healthy generation.
We can plant a tree, grow it from seed, to plant on city streets and thereby beautify and improve the city environment.
Therefore, we decided to create a project and to monitor the impact of green spaces on the environment of our city Kyshtym.
the Relevance of the chosen topic lies in the fact that on the territory of school No. 4 in ASHI is school property, which grow krakhmalnaya, zahoroneniya, vegetable, fruit and berry plants, productivity of land depends on the locus of the plants. The problem is to ban the CPS use of the fruit grown in this area in the school cafeteria, because located next to the grounds of the roadway. The CPS did not conduct an analysis of the soil, therefore, goal our work – to conduct a study of contamination of soils, for the use of products in the school cafeteria.
To achieve this goal we set the following objectivesthe
- to Study the physical properties of the soil at individual sites. the
- to Conduct a chemical analysis on the presence of chemical substances that affect the development of plants. the
- to Compare the obtained results with the results of the research conducted in the laboratory.
Object of study – a school precinct.
research Subject – soil school site
Theoretical value shows which elements are found in the soil, helps the soil to use a school site for the cultivation of agricultural and horticultural crops. Using the obtained results, we can confirm or refute hypothesis: roadway greatly influences the ecological state of the soil at the site.
Spring is in the village centre. Local people used for drinking and domestic purposes, while water analysis was not done. People just understood that the spring and the water needs to be drinkable. But the state of the spring is unsatisfactory.
the Spring was used by the staff canteen for ostuzhennoy compote. The villagers used the spring as a refrigerator to store milk and meat. This place is used by residents for the purpose of watering livestock. Because traces of cows and calves, all trampled around.
Therefore, a study of the spring, checking water samples in the laboratory is an important task. Good drinking water will solve the problem of shortage of drinking water, especially in the village of Mikhailovka where no columns and water tower.
Search the springs, the mapping of kartalinsky district. Study, investigation of springs solve the problem of fresh water shortage in our region. Our spring acting but no they are not engaged. If the water tests show good results, so water can be used without any fear.
for many years a ravine on the street. kozinskaya village threatens their homes, their very existence. People can struggle with it: they fall asleep a ravine with debris, slag, gravel, but in vain. Due to the rainy autumn of 2016, and a rainy spring 2017, there was another movement and lowering of the side of the road, the collapse of the ravine, in that part in which people are “strengthened”.
quality Assessment of water in a spring Birch of the town of Mignard by organoleptic and chemical analysis to further inform the public about the results of the study and the involvement of residents of the city cleaning and beautification of the spring.
draw attention to the problem of preserving the springs.
the Formation of the population and the students responsible attitude to the springs, their protection.
Practical participation of students in research and conservation activities.
raising the level of ecological culture.
Organization environmental monitoring springs to study their condition.
Our Earth – a unique planet in the Universe, our only home.
the Problem of preservation of water resources is very actual today, as the constant increase of water consumption on the planet leads to the danger of “water famine”, which necessitates the development of measures for rational use of water resources.
Our school is located in the village of Lesohimik, a major waterway for residents of the village is the river ash, which is not only a hydrological monument of nature, but also a place of leisure and rest for us. I was wondering what is the status of the left Bank of the river ash, where in season, swimming and relaxing stays very a lot of people.
Objective: to Assess the environmental condition of the left Bank of the river Ashe, from the bridge across the river and up to the end of the street Shcherbakova.
research: the Village of Lesohimik city of Asha, Chelyabinsk region
research Object: left Bank of the river ash from the river bridge and up to the end of the street Shcherbakova.
Subject of the study: the ecological condition of the left Bank of the river Ashe.
Object: water as a natural resource.
Subject: the Formation of a correct environmental behaviour of the students in the school.
Objective: the Implementation of the programme “Keepers of the water” to inform children and youth about the importance of careful attitude to the water and effective ways of water conservation.
Today we can't imagine our lives without plastic bags, which we use every day. It can be found everywhere…. even in the backpack of the average student that bears a shape – in the package, Breakfast mom also packs in a plastic bag, and the second pair of shoes, most of them guys put in this package. And what “bother”? Plastic –penny. Breaks - not sorry…. But not in our case!
C 2016 our school is concerned with the problem of plastic bags. During this time the actions were performed, during which he told the citizens about the harm that plastic bags cause to the environment. After implementation of the project “shopping Bags forever”, we realized that the project was in demand and received a great response from citizens. But agree that nurture respect for the environment is necessary from childhood. And that means you need to continue working!
“ bag” package – the perfect replacement!
we Need school “big change”
From the packages we want to just give up
we urge Everyone to join us!
“shopping Bags NEXT!” – this slogan became the motto of our project.
Plastic bags are bad for the healthier person, the students should gradually abandon their use, since abandoned and torn packages – the cause of the disorder and the accumulation of garbage in the school, the place where we spend a lot of time, and students must begin to use eco – bags. It is more sensible and environmentally friendly.
Creating a nature trail in the Park of Magnitogorsk we acquaint city residents with the urban ecosystems.The ecological track consists of mini ecosystems, in which you can see the species composition of plants and animals in different ecosystems.
Teachers and students of the DOD “dyuc” has repeatedly attempted to take part in the competition for the best landscaping and gardening OO, Chelyabinsk «boom town», but in addition to external participation, the team of youth centre on the improvement and gardening of the territory is far advanced (for a number of reasons: the planting of conifers were killed, perennial flowers do not grow, etc.).
there is a problem: the low level of use of modern teaching methods in natural Sciences (soil science, ecology, biology) and interactive technologies for children's development in the DOD “dyuc”.
today, many innovations associated with the use of interactive teaching methods.
the Use of interactive technologies and other innovations to study the composition and properties of soils, in our center, does not correspond to the contemporary state of the educational system. Thus arose the idea of creating a project, the essence of which is as follows – to organize the educational process so that students of the club of young ecologists and geologists “Heirs” using the Toolkit for environmental monitoring soil “Mobile digital lab” were able to examine the soil cover of the territory of youth center; thereby expanding the scope of educational space of their enterprises, most of the project highlighting under practical operation, and having the opportunity to represent the territory of the DOD “dyuc" the contest "Blooming city - 2021”.
the hypothesis of the project – the implementation of the Toolbox for environmental monitoring soil “Mobile digital lab” in the educational process – will qualitatively examine the condition of the soil cover of the children's educational institutions, environmentally to organize the site and to participate in the city contest “flower city”.
is there life without clean water? The answer is simple: of course not! Water pollution this is a serious environmental problem. Water – the basis of the internal environment of the body, it necessary for irrigation shipping hydropower purposes. the most important the nature among which living people. In water rivers lakes die all live, it becomes a source of diseases people. Lose their charm walk travel at river life people were be among dirty rivers and reservoirs bleak and life-threatening.
the Problem pollution bodies of water is one of the most important for the Chelyabinsk region.
Problem: the condition of atmospheric air in the city streets had deteriorated.
the Causes of the deterioration of urban atmospheric air:
- increase in the fleet of the city. the
- On the streets grow old trees.
Woody plants have numerous injuries, so their vitality is significantly reduced.
- Therefore, trees are unable to fully carry out the purification of city air. the
- in addition, as of 2018, the city removed bushes from the lawn, instead they install a metal fence.
Gipotiza: If the greening of the city will be used by the plants with the best ability to purify urban air from pollutants and in the required amount, the state of the surface layer of the atmosphere will improve.