the study of the conductivity and amount of dissolved substances in various water sources of p. the dawn and its environs with the help of TDS meter.
the Idea: to create an electronic map with physico-chemical water quality indicators from various sources.
Hypothesis: the quality of drinking water affects human health. The higher the salinity and the conductivity of the water, the higher the risk of developing chronic diseases.
Aquatic and wetland plants is one of the important components of Northern ecosystems, given the well-developed drainage system of the Northern territories. They contribute to the overgrowing of marshes, shoals and subsequent formation in them of meadow or marsh vegetation; have many trophic (are the main food of birds, fish and other organisms) and topical (habitat) linkages with the environment. Many ponds now, unfortunately, contaminated by organic substances, and discharges from various industrial enterprises. In this regard, the assessment of the degree of contamination of the reservoir composition of living organisms allows you to quickly set its sanitary condition, to determine the degree and nature of contamination and ways of its propagation in the reservoir, and also to give a quantitative characterization of the processes of selfpurification.
Aim: to Study the bioindication of water quality of the river Lying MO Sidorovskoe on plants – macrophytes
Purpose defines the following tasks
1)understand the types of wetland vegetation by expeditions;
2) to Describe the types of aquatic and wetland plants by field duties during expeditions, photographing and, when possible, herboriste types;
3)examination of methods of determination of water quality on plants – macrophytes;
4)to Analyze data and to draw conclusions about the nature of the degree of pollution of the river Lying down.
research Object: river Lying
research Subject: Aquatic and wetland plants of the river Lying
Conjecture: Assume that pollution R. Lying will be increased in areas of human settlements.
conduct a comprehensive monitoring assessment of the environment in the city of Cherepovets with sets for environmental monitoring and bio-indication methods.
Objective: Assessment of household water reservoirs in some areas of the Vologda region.
the hypothesis of the study: we can assume that the economic activity of people has a negative impact on the environmental pollution.
Lying River, the largest river of the Gryazovets district, which is a large part of the hydraulic system of the district, as it has more than 10 tributaries. The river has its own history, it is a beautiful natural object that is not available to all residents of the Gryazovets district, as it is at a remote distance from the many settlements of the district, including D. Sloboda and the town of Gryazovets. Virtual tour of the river Lying contributes to the visual perception remote location and allows you to see the beauty of the river at different sections to any resident of the district and the Vologda region, especially that our age is the age of computer technology, and few can get out into nature, to see that the beauty which is in her native land. In addition,virtual tour – this is a great opportunity of learning about the world for people with disabilities.
the Main water wealth of the Ladoga-Onega water basin, which includes the territory of Karelia, Saint-Petersburg, the Leningrad and Vologda regions, is the Onega and Ladoga lake. Onega - the largest freshwater lake in Europe. Meanwhile, the purity of lake Onega depends directly on the environmental situation in the entire North-West of Russia. Lake Onega - this transport highway of the white sea-Baltic waterway, a unique historical and tourist site. Central areas of the Onega lake still retain their purity, then the North-Western part largely have lost it. Lake Onega is necessary to save from possible environmental catastrophe.
the Soils in the Vologda region due to the large amount of precipitation and the close standing of ground waters have high level of acidity. For checking this assumption, we need to analyze the acidity of the soils using plants-indicators and indicator paper and test set for ecological monitoring of soil. This set is required to validate the results obtained.
the Main wealth of lakes - fresh water. Cyril land is rich in these natural objects, located on the territory of the NP «Russian North". Water is essential to life, on the other hand is one of the main causes of morbidity in the world. The risk of contaminated water supplies can cause of human severe diseases, such as cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, gastroenteritis.&When chemical contamination of drinking dirty water can occur both immediately and after a few years. What is the quality of water in lakes Siverskoye, Debt, the river Sviyaga, surrounding the town Kirillov?
the water Quality in the lakes is annually reviewed at the beginning of the bathing season, which gives hope that the water is safe. Lake Siverskoye and Long is a favorite place for recreation of residents and guests. The river Sviyaga attracts fishing lovers.
In coastal areas increased the number of houses, bath-houses, which are built by the private sector, which may be the reason for the gradual and slow pollution the lakes and rivers.
In the summer on lake Duty in the summer of a lot of algae: there is a gradual degradation of the entire ecosystem of a pond, overgrown shoreline.
the Main causes of pollution of lakes, rivers are:the
- Waste water of the city the
- waste and debris the
- Development of the private sector
Hypothesis use lake water without treatment can cause harm to the body.
Acute environmental problem of the present time in the city - air pollution, We plan to carry out monitoring level of air pollution in the district Byvalovo city of Vologda, where is MOU “school № 41” of Vologda. results of the research plan to identify solutions to the environmental problems.
In the town of Babayevo in the Vologda region, according to population, drinking water quality of centralized water supply is unsatisfactory. Many residents are increasingly using well and spring water for drinking, considering it to be clean and tasty.
the Goal of the project: study of the quality of well and spring water of the city of Babaevo.
1) Conduct a survey among students of senior classes and teachers on the theme of “Quality of well and spring water in the town of Babaevo” and analyze the results;
2) to Make the description of the studied wells and springs in the town of Babaevo;
3) to take samples of water from selected springs and wells of the city of Babaevo;
4) to Conduct laboratory study of well and spring water samples;
5) to Determine the degree of contamination of well and spring water samples by the method of biotesting;
6) Make conclusions about the quality of well and spring water in the town of Babaevo;
7) Develop recommendations for the use of well water for residents of the city Babaevo.
8) Compile a passport of the object.
9) participate in the improvement of springs, design of information signs, reminders to the public.
- Experimental methods of determination of quality of well water using the set of environmental patrol; the
- Methods of empirical research: observation, comparison, experiment; the
- Special methods: discussion, questioning; the
- Mathematical and statistical processing of primary data.
Object: well water of selected wells, spring water in the town of Babaevo.
Subject: quality indicators well and spring water in the town of Babaevo.
the Problem: the ecological situation of the river Chaogeng.
Purpose: the research topic is relevant today because human deyatelnosti quite noticeable changes of rivers, lakes and swamps.
water Pollution and its impact on the human body" is devoted to the problem of the present time - the problem of careful attitude to natural resources. Water is essential for life, industrial, and agricultural needs. Each of us needs clean water. It is the basis of healthy life.
Hypothesis:we decided to find out whether polluted the river Charging.
the Legal address of the MOU “Leontievsky school” - the village of lent'yevo Ustyuzhna district, Vologda region. Our village is very close to a major highway А114 Vologda - Novaya Ladoga. The first house starts at 100 meters from the road. The average distance to residential areas is 100-1000 meters.
Topical problem of today is the theme of "drinking water". The situation is such that pure water on Earth is almost gone. meanwhile, the water we drink should be not only pleasant to the taste and meet the relevant criteria, but to be useful, or at least safe for the human body. The purest water we can find in the springs, away from large industrial enterprises. Our ancestors forcefully given to springs with clear water, 've been courting them, took his bath and was healthy...and we, unfortunately, such traditions have been forgotten. Drink water with chlorine from the long-rusted pipes, springs abandoned and forgotten.
environmental Pollution in Cherepovets, depending on the distance from the highways
Вы слыхали о воде?
Говорят, она везде!
В луже, в море, в океане,
и в водопроводном кране.
Вода – самое распространенное в природе, но все еще до конца не изученное вещество. Она необходима, чтобы восполнить водный баланс в организме (человек в сутки должен выпивать до 3 л воды), минеральные воды лечат заболевания кишечника и почек, обливание холодной водой помогает справиться с болезнями, успокоить нервы, и закалить организм.
России занимает второе место в мире (после Бразилии) по запасам пресной воды. Но вот парадокс: сегодня каждый второй житель страны вынужден использовать для питья воду, не соответствующую санитарно-гигиеническим требованиям. Питьевая вода и чистая вода — не синонимы. Чистая вода, в отличие от воды питьевой, неопределенный термин. Для химика «чистая вода» — свободный от примесей; для рыболова — вода, в которой водится рыба; для микробиолога — вода, в которой могут обитать бактерии, а для производственника — вода, которая годится для производственных процессов. Питьевая же вода всегда должна отвечать определённым установленным стандартам.
Чистая вода – одно из самых необходимых условий для здоровья человека.
Наиболее важными факторами, обеспечивающими долгую и здоровую жизнь человека, являются:
- чистый воздух;
- абсолютно чистая вода, в которой нет никаких химических веществ и неорганических минералов;
- максимально натуральная пища
Вода необходима для жизни всех без исключения живых существ на планете. Она принимает участие в усвоении клетками питательных веществ и в их транспортировке по всему организму, регулирует температуру тела, позволяет выводить из организма шлаки. Качество воды выступает как характеристика ее состава и свойств, определяющая пригодность воды для конкретных видов использования. При централизованном водоснабжении законодательно определено, что вода, поступающая к потребителю, должна быть приятной в органолептическом отношении и безопасной для здоровья; при этом подразумевается, что содержание вредных веществ в воде не должно превышать предельно допустимых концентраций. Для того чтобы хорошо себя чувствовать, человек должен употреблять только чистую и качественную воду. Какой должна быть питьевая вода? Мы задумывались над тем, какую воду мы пьем каждый день? Поэтому тема нашего проекта «Качество питьевой воды в моем поселке».
In its natural state the various natural water bodies can be very different from each other.&On aquatic flora and fauna are indicators such as water depth, flow velocity, acid-base properties of water, turbidity, oxygen and temperature, amount of dissolved organics, nitrogen compounds and phosphorus, and many others. All of these parameters affects both human pressure and natural processes occurring in reservoirs.
Relevance. Our body is very important to obtain environmentally net products (fish out of water) and drinking water with a balanced mineral composition. Clean drinking water increases the body's defenses against stress, ensures the functioning of internal organs. Water is essential to maintain all metabolic processes, it participates in the absorption of nutrients. With such a large value of water to humans, it should be of appropriate quality.
- Reduction of silvicultural Fund the
- Reduction of harmful substances concentration in the air at the expense of the city's landscaping the
- Conducting environmental monitoring of air and water by drawing a map of positive and negative environmental conditions, which will help in the selection of rocks for landscaping. the
- Growing and planting different species, we will increase biodiversity.