the Main idea of the project is to conduct environmental studies to identify the impact of transport on the environment of the city of Kursk.
1.Active participation in transforming the environment of our city, schools, neighborhood as a center of ecological culture.
2.Attracting students to participate in activities aimed at protecting nature and biodiversity conservation.
3.A clear seasonal tours, lessons, competitions, quizzes, the advocacy of environmental work not only for pupils but for parents as well, and for residents of the neighborhood.
the Environmental crisis is now covered almost the entire planet. Inevitable companion of civilization – a growing number of household and industrial waste. Mountains of garbage grow across the planet. In recent years, the world environmental issues have been given much more attention than before.
This issue is relevant for our city and Selectoneradio County (where the boarding school №4 ). I can see how dirty garbage areas around the houses (mostly, private sector), littered the roadside automotive roads. Plastic drifts and mountains of tin cans, glass, polyethylene, mutilated the next forest. We were wondering: where does this trash? I love my city and I hate to see dirty streets, so we decided to conduct a study on this problem.
the IDEA is: "will the student community to learn to separate waste collection?"
Problem: In the village of Khomutovka there is a new sidewalk path along which has remained discarded soil and well-groomed appearance. DDT students have participated in landscaping the streets of the village, and the action all seemed useful and instructive
Hypothesis: If the planting of at least one of a sidewalk path throughout the year on the territory Poselka Khomutovka, then for a while the village will acquire a well maintained, clean and modern look.
"Mankind will not perish in a nuclear nightmare - it will suffocate in its own waste" (Niels Bohr).
the urgency of the problem of disposing solid waste (MSW) is increasing every year. Over the last century the world population increased 4 times, almost 20 times increased the volume of industrial production. But modern technology does not allow properly to clean the air and water, dispose of waste. Currently in the dumps accumulated about 80 billion tons of garbage. And these mountains grow, because only one third is processed by-products.
a couple of decades ago as a packaging material was simple brown paper, a fully estivala and do not leave a trail. Modern materials used for the packing of goods, lie in the ground over the years. Polyethylene, plastic and other synthetic materials are broken down 150-200 years, because they are not processed by bacteria. In General, the decomposition time of polyethylene depends on its structure and is able to exceed a few thousand years.
All known convenient plastic bottles decompose in the ground for hundreds of years, while a tin it will take 10 years, and the cardboard just 1-2 years. Every year people throw more and more packages, tires, household appliances.
In the world are recycled waste paper, packaging, glass, wood, metal, household appliances — waste management has become one of the fastest growing industries. We "generously" send it all to landfills. In Russia is not processed more than 2% of waste, as waste collection is hampered for various reasons. With “wild” dumps the wind carries the paper and other lightweight waste. These dumps not only disfigure the landscape but also threaten human health . “Second life" of the waste helps to save a significant amount of raw materials and energy. We were interested in this problem, we decided to explore it.
the relevance of the study due to the fact that on the territory of our village in recent years significantly increased the number of produced solid waste and the number of unauthorized dumps. The reasons for the increase in the number of household waste: the growth of production of goods of mass consumption of single use, increasing the amount of disposable packaging and containers, improvement of quality of life, allowing usable stuff to replace the new.
Hypothesis: you can reduce the amount of household waste by means of recycling.
the Land where we are heroic. Every inch of the ground by the shed blood of our grandfathers and great-grandfathers. Ponyrovskogo the Northern face of the Kursk battle, there were fierce battles. It impossible not love. What it means to love your native land? Love – that's to make it more beautiful, better. We residents of the village Log, love my village, my love we carry through the implementation of our projects. Let this little things, but together we get a great result. So our forces landscaped wells village, in the territory of the memorial sites, built a Chapel, rejuvenated school garden. Most of the time we spend on school – play, walk, relax. Little residents of the village come to the world of Knowledge on 1 September, and graduates leave at the end of may. All the celebrations in their honor are in a comfortable school yard in the background of the school's flower beds, which had exhausted its beauty. Where better to spend such holidays near the beautiful flower gardens and modern design. We have seen that the problem, the solution of which we will work important and relevant. flower Beds, flower, flowers is the beauty that is associated not only with comfort but also with us – students!
terms of education, training, labour are the environment in which they must be children and adolescents aged 6 (7) years to 17 (18). In these years there has been an intensive process of growth and development of the body is his biological maturation, emerging world, the willingness to a variety of labor and creative activities of the young man. At the same time the school age characterized by greater vulnerability, increased sensitivity to the adverse factors of the environment that may arise during the learning process or work activity. Among the external risk factors influencing deviations from normal health condition in children and adolescents, are the leading factors of the learning environment and work that does not meet hygienic norms and sanitary rules.
Small river must exist and decorate our small home.
Our river Reut shallow and polluted every year. Relatively close to the riverbed is a factory for processing sugar beets. Together with the wastewater production in the fall river inorganic substances (calcium oxide, sulfates, nitrates, carbonic acid, etc.) and organic (molasses), which promote rapid growth and development of bacteria, unicellular and multicellular algae, aquatic plants. Also on the level of contamination of water is influenced by agricultural runoff. Almost all over on both sides of the river are fields. We believe that we need to save our river, so we give special attention to the problem.
Hypothesis: we assume that a systematic emissions sewage sugar factory, herbicides from fields and contamination of household rubbish leads to the increase of the degree of pollution and the silting up of our rivers.
¨water is an important element of life. Without it there would be people, animals, plants. Even microscopic bacteria cannot survive without this amazing liquid. Annually to the water basins are thousands of chemicals with unpredictable effect. In water can be detected by elevated concentrations of toxic heavy metals, pesticides, nitrates and phosphates, medicines hormones who can get in drinking water.
¨Today the basis of economic complex Kireyevka area is agriculture, namely: agriculture and processing industry of agricultural products. In the district wheat, rye, maize, sugar beet, sunflower, rapeseed. Developed pig and dairy cattle"... - says the Wikipedia article.
We decided to bratati attention to the problem of surface water pollution Kireyevka area and to prevent the environmental catastrophe of the native area of the nature
Environmentally friendly in the external environment of the school site, along with other factors, is an important prerequisite for preserving and strengthening the health and development of students.
Our project is devoted to the study of ecological state of the territory of school site MKOU “Vvedenskaya OOSH”, including the school garden, in accordance with the results of the study will develop proposals for improving the environmental condition of the school site MKOU “Vvedenskaya OOSH”.
the Main idea of the project is that rural communities are natural-anthropogenic complexes at different stages of development, with different environmental pressures.
the Problem of the project: project implementation will allow to improve the ecological culture of students, expand knowledge of the role green spaces.
Hypothesis: if you create a nature trail on school grounds, it will increase the level of ecological culture of schoolchildren and residents of the village.
Our school is centrally located in the village of Cherkasy Porechnaya, next to a busy road, so our chosen theme is important as it will allow us to study the positive impact of green spaces on air quality of the environment, knowledge of plants will change the attitude of the students to the vegetable world as a whole.
all human activities affecting the physical properties or chemical composition of the atmosphere, soil, water can cause serious consequences, including global climate change on the planet.These problems facing each municipality Russia, including in front of our village of Mikhailovka, which is Cheremisinovskogo area Kursk region. Every year more and more waste is thrown away by the villagers. In the village there are containers for garbage collection, centralized landfill, so each house grow their own mini landfill. They spoil the appearance of the village, contaminate the soil, groundwater, toxic substances.
bring Great harm to the cars. Part of the fuel does not have time to burn in the engine cylinders. The products of incomplete combustion emitted from the exhaust pipe into the atmosphere.
From air pollution particularly affected green spaces.The more green, the cleaner the air, the man after his life leaves many substances that have not yet found application, therefore they all must be destroyed. These substances we call garbage. So the problem of dealing with waste, stretching from ancient times, is not completely solved to this day. It is the assertion that the disease is easier to prevent than to cure it. Over the past few years, the largest, in our view, the risk of becoming municipal solid waste. For large cities this problem has become a real drama. This is obvious to everyone. Bottles, tin cans, glass containers are the most common types of municipal solid waste (MSW).Every inhabitant of our planet have an average of about one ton of garbage a year (including approximately 300kg of household waste. If the entire accumulated per year garbage is not to destroy and not to process and pour in one pile, they would form a mountain as high as Elbrus - the highest mountain peak of Europe. Another example: if all the garbage thrown during the year, the inhabitants thereof, the city, spread evenly over the city, the thickness of this layer would be about 10cm. In order not to drown in the piles of debris and not poison the products of its decay, the debris must be disposed of.There are several reasons for the increase in the number of debristhe
- increased production of consumer goods disposable; the
- increase the number of packages; the
- increase the level of living that allows usable stuff to replace it new.
Since man creates unfavorable to their life conditions, that he should take care of their environmental safety.
Must measurement and control of the most important characteristics of the environment, wide education and environmental education of the population.
What steps you can take each of us and human society in General, to avoid this threat? The answer to this question is obvious: a need to respect nature!
In the territory Martynovskogo village administration currently has several springs, however, many springs have water not suitable for drinking. The springs need protection, careful spending and protection from contamination. Our project is devoted to the preservation of the spring, as the water from the spring is used regularly by local residents.
is currently the city Lgov lacks clean drinking water because the water coming into the apartment on the water, is not suitable for their performance under the quality standards. This problem of lack of clean water can be solved with the help of springs.
In the Central part of the city of Lgov is a spring, the so - called “Brezhinsky well”. And although we live in a different neighborhood of the city — this spring we have heard since early childhood, and now since two years we use water from this spring. Earlier we used the water received from the water tower of l'govskiy sugar factory, but two years ago, we hooked up to city water system where drinking water is of poor quality,because tap water «bottom» intake rich in iron, that has to travel 8 kilometers to bring home good spring water. Many citizens use this water.
Today, the sanitary condition of the spring Brezhinsky well unsatisfactory, as the quality of water in the city is not enough, the flow of people to the spring is increased, and increased the clutter of spring and surrounding areas. In addition, there is another problem associated with this spring.We can say that the spring “faulty” and it is necessary to work on the restoration of source. Previously, groundwater rose to the surface of the earth, and the excess water went into the tray, specially constructed for its removal. Later the water was chaotic to spread out underground, which led to the destruction of the concrete walls of the tray, concrete cover the area around the source. Water to gain became difficult.
What can I do in this situation, how to fix the situation?
planet Earth – our common home, every person living in it, needs carefully and to treat it carefully, keeping all its values and riches.
nowadays, environmental issues are paid great attention. We hear a lot about these issues on television, read Newspapers and magazines. In the library many books devoted to the interaction of man and nature. We talk about it at school in biology lessons, class hours.
Nature existed long before the advent of man. All that appeared on Earth without human intervention, is the nature: mountains, rivers, lakes, plants and the whole animal world. Then to all the continents were settled people and changed the nature. Such intervention has resulted in unfortunate consequences. Many animals and plants extinct. We know that people pollute the air, water, soil. This is not always possible just to see and appreciate the degree of danger without lab tests or research.
currently, one of the global problems of mankind – environmental. Man takes from nature what he needs and every year take from nature more and more and not think about what they will leave to future generations. Nature is now in a poor condition, and she asks for help from us. Caring for the earth, plants and animals, rivers, clean air – here's what's important, and it is important that all people responded to this appeal. The relevance of the project is that:the
- increases the number of unauthorized waste collection the
- waste harmful impact on the environment and human the
- unauthorized storage of solid waste detracts from the appearance of p. Solntseva the
- illegal dumps attract the attention of stray dogs that pose a direct threat to humans
To create a favorable environment for life it is important to conduct a comprehensive study of water, soil, and air availability and number of pollutants.
the village is located Petrin experimental base of Kursk state agricultural experiment station. It is located on the fertile soils of our country –deep black earth. There are ample opportunities for high and stable yields of all crops, and the unlimited intensification of agriculture. Scientific and industrial achievements of the station, developed methods will be instructive not only for areas of the Central Chernozem band, but for the entire Chernozem zone of Russia. What is the ecological state of natural-anthropogenic complex of the village Petrin, decided to explore us.
- formation of a unified system of ecological education among the inhabitants of the town and the Railway district enrolled school district, through the implementation of various traditional events, promotions, environmental projects; the
- the Formation of conservation and environmental consciousness among residents.
- to Attract the attention of people to the environmental problems of the district; the
- to provide the residents of the Railway district, pupils of the school district in a responsible and careful attitude to the surrounding world in General; the
- to Increase the level of environmental literacy of adolescents and residents of the district; the
- to Create conditions for the socialization of the individual by means of holding mass events; the
- to Instill a sense of patriotism and love to native land; the
- to Develop a model of modernization and improvement of one of the parks in the Railway district as an example of improvement of Park in the city of Kursk; the
- to Attract residents of the city of Kursk and the County to actively participate in the environmental life of the area.
hypothesis: all environmental indicators of school premises conform to the sanitary regulations.